Van Gogh Painting

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Images by The Vincent van Gogh Gallery.

Vincent van Gogh

Born 1853, Netherlands
Died 1890 (aged 37), France

In just over a decade, he produced more than 2,100 artworks, consisting of 860 oil paintings and more than 1,300 watercolors, drawings, sketches and prints.

He had two brothers, Theo and Cor, and three sisters: Elisabeth, Anna and Willemina.

Van Gogh created many self-portraits during his lifetime. He painted himself 37 times between 1886 and 1889, one of these sold for $71.5 million in 1998 in New York. In all the self-portraits, the gaze of the painter is seldom directed at us; he appears to look elsewhere.

In 1890, aged 37, van Gogh shot himself in the chest with a revolver. The bullet was deflected by a rib bone and passed through his chest without doing apparent damage to internal organs, probably stopped by his spine. He died 29 hours later as a result of untreated infection in the wound. His last words, as reported by his brother Theo who was by his side, were "The sadness will last forever."

He lived a very productive life marked by loneliness and bouts of ill-health, both physically and mentally.

There has been much debate over the years as to the source of van Gogh's illness and its effect on his work. Over 150 psychiatrists have attempted to label its root, with some 30 different diagnoses. Diagnoses include schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, syphilis, poisoning from swallowed paints and temporal lobe epilepsy. Any of these could have been the culprit and been aggravated by malnutrition, overwork, insomnia and consumption of alcohol.

Together with those of Pablo Picasso, van Gogh's works are among the world's most expensive paintings ever sold.

Source: Wikipedia